Below are comparative carbon emission figures for some African and other countries. The figures are tonnes of CO2 per head of population per annum.
Tanzania: 0.11, - Kenya 0.28 - Ghana 0.31 - Nigeria 0.78 - India 1.17, - Italy 8.4
UK: 9.2 - Germany 10.75 Ireland:10.89 - Saudi Arabia: 10.96 - Canada 17.86
Australia 18.17 - USA: 19.66. For more information see www.breathingearth.net
- Africa is, on average, 0.5 degrees C warmer than it was a century ago. But the latest research suggests that some places are more than 3 degrees C warmer than just 20 years ago.
- Rising temperatures mean shorter growing seasons, lower yields and also the spread of diseases such as Malaria and other climate-related health risks. Extreme weather events i.e. storms, flash floods and droughts are more likely.
- Desertification and water shortages and consequent migration will further increase conflict and political instability exacerbating existing challenges such as endemic poverty, governance and institutional deficiencies, ethnic and political divisions.